BHEKUZULU Primary School is one of the schools taking up the opportunities created by REDISA (Recycling and Economic Development Initiative South Africa) and has started their own tyre recycling projects. The school makes tyre bags, sandals and coasters which are sold to the community to raise funds for various school projects.
In addition, Bhekuzulu Primary has made its own tyre swings and tyre seats filled with concrete for children to sit on at lunch time. Tholakele Mbokazi, a teacher at the school, has seen the value of involving both teachers and pupils in recycling activities. This has not only improved the environment, but has also proven to be fun for the pupils.
Ms Mbokazi was a recipient of the “Dedication to Recycling” award at the inaugural REDISA Recognition Awards earlier this year. This was awarded to the school for making a significant contribution to the promotion of, and realisation of recycling for a better “people, planet and earth”.
Speaking on her role in educating the children about the benefits of recycling Ms Mbokazi said, “Non-recycling has been a serious issue, and the project not only benefits the community, but the government as it lessens the burden.
“The project will ultimately give the learners the pleasure and pride of knowing that they have contributed to their school, community and the environment as a whole. By making recycling fun I hope the children will take it as a hobby even beyond the classrooms.”
By teaching children the importance of reusing items and recycling we can reduce the waste found locally. Schools like Bhekuzulu Primary teach these important lessons to pupils through inclusive activities so that they can see first-hand what is possible when recycling is in action.
According to REDISA director, Stacey Davidson, “Teaching children about recycling encourages them to get excited about preserving the environment.
“This will also help them understand the environmental challenges that currently exist and how they can turn what is seen as waste into something that could be of use to them.
“Promoting recycling and its benefits in schools will be a fundamental building block for having a future society that is aware and proactive in sustaining the environment and its resources.”
SA IS missing out on huge job opportunities and the creation of new industries that would arise if the country was to invest in waste management, says the director of the Recycling and Economic Development Initiative of SA (Redisa), Stacey Davidson.
With SA generating 108-million tonnes of waste per year, and R17bn worth of other waste products being buried at landfills, recycling offered immense opportunities. “We need to build our recycling industry across all commodities because waste will be the only place where we will get resources from in future.”
Nonprofit Redisa has helped create 216 small businesses and 2,900 permanent jobs through waste tyre management alone over the past two years.
The company’s establishment followed the decision by the Department of Environmental Affairs in 2012 that the tyre industry be the first in SA to develop an industry waste management plan.
In 2012 only 4% of waste tyres were being recycled, with the rest ending up at landfills or burnt. The rate has since risen to 35% as at the end of August. An estimated 200,000 waste tyres are generated every year in SA.
Department of Environmental Affairs deputy director-general for chemical and waste management Mark Gordon conceded that waste management was a “big area of opportunity for SA” and could generate as much as R50bn per year.
Industry waste management plans for paper, plastic and electronics were under consideration.
“We hope these plans will be finalised by the end of the year and we also hope to create in excess of 50,000 jobs within the next few years.”
Tyre dealers register with Redisa as collection points for worn-out tyres, which are then collected, stored and processed by the small businesses created through the programme.
With 44% of South African households not serviced for waste collection, emulating the success in the waste tyre industry in others, such as plastic, paper and glass, could benefit the economy.
“As you build up these industries, jobs will be created, which will drive up your taxpayer base and improve your fiscus and the gross domestic product,” Ms Davidson said.
A tax is a compulsory contribution to state revenue, levied by the government on workers’ income and business profits, or added to the cost of some goods, services, and transactions. Money collected from taxes goes into the general fiscus. Comparatively, a waste management fee is paid by product producers and importers, and is used for dealing with the product when it reaches the end of its life cycle.
This money is directly and specifically applied to dealing with the product, in an audited and accountable fashion, making it far more effective than a tax-based system where funds sink into the general Treasury and are not ring fenced.
The way to get worth from waste is to turn it into something that people will pay money for, and the way to do that is to create a circular economy. Instead of making a product for consumers to throw away, we need to extend the life of the product beyond the consumer stage by recovering, recycling and reintroducing it into the economy.
Experience shows that where manufacturers are encouraged to regulate themselves, some do and some don’t. Some pay and some won’t. In Germany, 60% to 70% of tyre manufacturers at most pay an industry body to discharge their extended producer responsibility for them. Here in South Africa, the figure stands at 99.8%.
The difference is that in Germany, extended producer responsibility is voluntary; in South Africa, it is mandatory. By law, every tyre manufacturer and importer must pay a waste management fee of R2.30 per kilogram to the Recycling and Economic Development Initiative of South Africa (REDISA), an industry-independent body that shoulders their recovery and recycling liability for them.
However, given the lack of success following the plastic bag tax, it is reasonable to query what the difference is between that, and the REDISA waste management fee.
While the money collected from the plastic bag tax still goes directly into the fiscus, funds collected by REDISA are paid directly to the organisation and there is no government involvement. REDISA then allocates spend of the money as clearly outlined in the gazetted REDISA Plan.
One of the key challenges of the plastic bag levy is that the funds collected go directly to the government fiscus. Therefore the Department of Environment Affairs (DEA) has to apply to the Treasury to get any of that money back in order to set up the promised recycling industry. When the REDISA Plan was established, Minister Molewa emphasised that the waste management fee collected would not end up in the general fiscus. The advantage of this is that REDISA is 100% accountable for what happens with the funds. This is monitored annually by an external audit partner, KPMG.
REDISA director, Stacey Davidson, said that “Once tyre manufactures pay the waste management fee, the manufacturers will not be required to handle the recycling of the tyres themselves. Instead, REDISA has taken over this responsibility and is ultimately developing an industry whereby old tyres are being recycled into new products.”
Source: African Environment
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Currently, only 10% of waste in South Africa is recycled. As our population grows, so the increase of waste generated highlights the inadequate nature of existing waste management services – leading to an increasingly polluted environment in which South African’s are forced to live.
During the Johannesburg Waste Summit recently, Mayor of Johannesburg Parks Tau said: “By collaborating with stakeholders we are working to make Johannesburg a resilient, sustainable and liveable city. Waste management is a big problem in our city and through this summit we hope all stakeholders will come together to look at ways to transform how we deal with waste in the city.”
Johannesburg residents were also encouraged by the Mayor to generate less by reusing waste, and separating it at source to facilitate recycling. The Mayor also highlighted the necessity of looking at other waste management trends and assisting with the establishment of cooperatives to drive the collection of waste and recyclables.
REDISA (Recycling and Economic Development Initiative of South Africa), through the Integrated Industry Waste Tyre Management Plan (IITWTMP) is setting the trend – having already found that there is worth in waste and is realising the value in waste tyres specifically.
According to the Green Jobs Report from the Industrial Development Corporation, South Africa’s green economy could create 460 000 new jobs by 2025. With the unemployment rate at an all-time high in South Africa, and government looking for new ways to create job opportunities, it’s vitally important that private enterprise creates a new breed of entrepreneurs. While the informal sector has managed to put bread on the table for many South Africans, there is a clear demand for more innovation and skills in the entrepreneurship sphere.
REDISA is making significant headway towards ensuring that South Africa is clear of all tyre waste and in the process is assisting with government’s mandate of creating jobs. Currently this is being achieved through the development of infrastructure required to collect waste tyres from across South Africa and delivering them to approved recyclers – for the first time guaranteeing a consistent supply of raw material essential for the successful development of the new formalised recycling industry.
REDISA believes that one must recognise the importance of entrepreneurship as an economic driver and poverty eradicator. “What we need to be focusing on is pairing both entrepreneurial spirit and finding solutions to the many challenges and problems that we face as a country and a continent. We should also particularly recognise the opportunities which lie in our own industry, the green economy, for all those who are able to create and identify sustainable solutions and reduce our carbon footprint in the world, “says Davidson.
As part of contributing to the growth and development of the country, REDISA is building a viable and sustainable waste management industry, focusing on tyre recycling initially and educating communities about turning waste into worth. By changing the country’s mind set, waste will be recognised as a sustainable resource for economic development and sustainability.
In the coming months the REDISA team will continue to meet and converse with entrepreneurs to discuss solutions to the many challenges being faced in terms of developing these new small business owners. REDISA aims to create a true balance between government requirements, environmental sustainability and industry ambition, through its waste management system by contributing to the economy and creating jobs in the process.
Source: Africa Environment
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REDISA is proving that the use of alternative fuels in cement manufacturing makes good business sense for the industry – while remediating the environment of waste tyres
Key players in the cement industry are currently receiving waste tyres for use in cement kilns from REDISA (the Recycling and Economic Development Initiative of South Africa).
REDISA is the Plan approved by the Department of Environmental Affairs to clean the country of tyre waste, and is the first legislated Plan globally to deal with an environmental problem.
Waste tyres supplied by REDISA can be utilised as a substitute (through co-processing) for up to 20% of current coal usage. At PPC, indications are that waste tyres will replace 10% of coal usage at its De Hoek plant alone.
Johan Vorster, General Manager – PPC De Hoek says “Energy scarcity in the Western Cape is one of the reasons why high energy users look into the use of alternative fuels. The co-processing of waste in cement kilns not only reduces cost, but also reduces carbon emissions from cement manufacture and reduces the need for non-renewable energy.”
Natal Portland Cement (NPC- InterCement), AfriSam and La Farge are also in support of the substitution, and are currently engaging with REDISA on how the supply of waste tyres for controlled burning in kilns can reduce the overhead costs of coal.
NPC’s Simuma plant in Port Shepstone is one strategic partner working with REDISA. Giovanni Lodetti, Industrial Director, said “Partnering with professional, like minded, solution based organisations is something that we believe is imperative to tackle the issue of waste in South Africa. Co-processing of waste tyres for the cement manufacturing process is one way in which the industry can make its mark in terms of reducing the amount of waste tyres in the environment.”
According to Angus Towell, General Manager of AfriSam’s Ulco Cement operation, working with REDISA has made the shift from coal to waste tyres easier. “This is mainly because the tyre delivery system is well coordinated and we know in advance when our delivery will be made and how many tonnes we will receive, therefore making planning easier. In addition we have found that REDISA is always looking for a ‘win win’ scenario which is ultimately better for all parties involved.”
The ecological benefits of replacing coal with waste tyres as an energy source include conserving resources and reducing waste disposal requirements. The benefit of using waste tyres also means that “additional new business operations can be established and the use of the tyres saves fossil fuels,” said Towell.
According to REDISA CEO Hermann Erdmann, “Given that the world will be home to 5 billion middle class consumers within the next 20 years, natural resources are being placed under increasing stress to meet housing, product and lifestyle demands. To reduce this pressure, REDISA has realised that waste should be looked at differently; not as waste, but as something with value.
It is commendable that the country’s cement industry is realising the value in waste tyres as a fuel source, thereby reducing the necessity of using coal.”
In South Africa REDISA is using this solution to not only clear the environment of waste tyres, but also to lend a helping hand to cement kilns and find a viable solution aimed at reducing rising costs.
Source: African Environment
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