London — Key emerging opportunities will be in the conversion of food waste to products such as plastics, fruit juices, food ingredients, and liquid fuels, finds Frost & Sullivan
The concept of food waste management (FMW) has gained traction with the declaration of food waste reduction as a target in the UN Sustainable Development Goals in 2015. Countries across the globe are showing greater interest in reducing as well as managing food wastage. The present gap between the amount of food waste generated globally and the number of storage and recycling facilities in operation translates to significant opportunities for the development of effective FWM technologies.
New analysis from Frost & Sullivan, Emerging Trends and Opportunities in Food Waste Management, finds that policies favouring food waste reduction in Europe and North America and the setting of global targets greatly aid the development of FWM technologies. The most popular methods for FWM at present are composting and anaerobic digestion. However, they do not help salvage unspoilt food from the food waste. These processes can also be energy intensive, substantially reducing the overall environmental benefits of FWM.
“Currently, there is a demand for technologies that can convert food unfit for human consumption to animal feed,” said TechVision Research Analyst Lekshmy Ravi. “Technology developers are simultaneously working on repackaging or repurposing food waste to food for human consumption using less energy-intensive solutions and employing novel management models.”
There are considerable research and industry initiatives for the conversion of food waste to products such as plastics, fruit juices and food ingredients. Additionally, innovative FWM companies are trying to convert food waste to valuable products such as liquid fuels.
While technology developers are looking to eliminate inefficiencies in FWM, it is also necessary to form strategic partnerships along the various links of the food supply chain. These synergies can help improve the efficiency of FWM and facilitate the exchange of technologies and techniques.
“Eventually, companies are likely to adopt models that enable the efficient and cost-effective extraction of valuable products from food waste,” noted Ravi. “Overall, key emerging opportunities are expected to be in the extraction of edible ingredients from food waste, conversion of misshapen fruits to saleable products, and conversion of byproducts from food production.”
Emerging Trends and Opportunities in Food Waste Management, part of the TechVision subscription, offers a detailed account of FWM’s global trends. It discusses various solutions for FWM and studies the various pathways that could be adopted, as well as innovative technology and management solutions. Our expert analysts have identified emerging business models for FWM and employed Porter’s Five Forces to analyse the various FWM pathways.
Frost & Sullivan’s global TechVision practice is focused on innovation, disruption and convergence and provides a variety of technology based alerts, newsletters and research services as well as growth consulting services. Its premier offering, the TechVision program, identifies and evaluates the most valuable emerging and disruptive technologies enabling products with near-term potential. A unique feature of the TechVision program is an annual selection of 50 technologies that can generate convergence scenarios, possibly disrupt the innovation landscape, and drive transformational growth.
Durban – A week of searing heat in KwaZulu-Natal did little to alleviate the province’s water woes, with service provider Umgeni Water saying dam levels continued to dip.
Spokesperson Shami Harichunder said that water resource availability remained “of grave concern”.
“Water shortages within the Umgeni Water operational area are as a result of a protracted drought, which has affected many parts of KwaZulu-Natal. Exacerbating the current situation are high temperatures, which cause evaporation of dam surface water,” he said.
Harichunder added that below average rainfall was predicted for the next four months.
“Information released by the CSIR suggests that the below-average rainfall pattern will continue to be experienced until the end of August 2016.
“This means that the amount of water currently available in dams that are owned or operated by Umgeni Water will have to be carefully managed in order to ensure that available water lasts until the next good rains arrive.”
He said that water cuts by municipalities would be key in managing the scarce resource.
“Management of water resources at times of absence of rainfall and simultaneous reduction of dam levels involves the application of a cut in potable water production at water treatment plants and introduction of restrictions by water services authorities,” he said.
The African Association for Public Administration and Management (AAPAM) says there is need for the continent to improve in areas of waste management.
The AAPAM delegation from Kenya led by Ronald Jumbe said waste management was cardinal because the environment in economic zones on the continent was being negatively impacted.
Mr Jumbe said this during a conducted tour of the Lusaka South Multi Facility Economic Zone (LS-MFEZ) in Lusaka on Thursday by 45 public administrators and managers.
He said the LS-MFEZ plan was a good initiative which would bring in foreign exchange for the country as it was not only meant for local but export market as a whole.
Mr Jumbe said the Kenyan delegation was eager to learn how Zambia had implemented the economic zone.
He said Kenya had huge industrial Export Processing Zones (EPZ) that utilise local raw materials, in terms of labour and human resource to manufacture products for both local and export markets in the region.
“Countries in this region need to improve in the area of waste management. This is because the environment in economic zones in most countries around the region is being impacted negatively,” he said.
Mr Jumbe said another experience his team learnt was that local people were involved in the LS-MFEZ process which was a different concept in Kenya.
He urged LS-MFEZ management to continue upholding the involvement of local people.
Zambia, a member of international bodies and signatory to a number of international treaties, hosted the 37th AAPAM Roundtable meeting, where more than 500 delegates assembled in Lusaka to tackle and seek solutions to issues of public administration at continental level.
The annual conference was held at Mulungushi international Centre (MICC), from February 29 to March 4 under the theme, “Transforming Public Administration and Management (PAM) in order to contribute towards the Agenda 2063 within the context of the Sustainable Development Goals.”
LONDON—Although growing human numbers, climate change and other crises threaten the world‘s ability to feed itself, researchers believe that if we used water more sensibly that would go a long way towards closing the global food gap.
Politicians and experts have simply underestimated what better water use can do to save millions of people from starvation, they say.
For the first time, scientists have assessed the global potential for growing more food with the same amount of water. They found that production could rise by 40%, simply by optimising rain use and careful irrigation. That is half the increase the UN says is needed to eradicate world hunger by mid-century.
The lead author of the study, Jonas Jägermeyr, an Earth system analyst at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), says the potential yields from good water management have not been taken fully into account.
Already parched areas, he says, have the most potential for increases in yield, especially water-scarce regions in China, Australia, the western US, Mexico and South Africa.
“It turns out that crop water management is a largely under-rated approach to reducing undernourishment and increasing the climate resilience of smallholders,” he says.
In theory, the gains could be massive, but the authors acknowledge that getting local people to adopt best practice remains a challenge.
They have been careful to limit their estimates to existing croplands, and not to include additional water resources. But they have taken into account a number of very different water management options, from low-tech solutions for smallholders to the industrial scale.
“Our study should draw the attention of
decision-makers at all levels to the potential
of integrated crop water management”
Water harvesting by collecting excess rain run-off in cisterns—for supplementary irrigation during dry spells—is a common traditional approach in regions such as Africa’s Sahel. But it is under-used in many other semi-arid regions in Asia and North America.
Mulching is another option, covering the soil with crop residues or plastic sheeting to reduce evaporation. And upgrading irrigation to drip systems can play a major part.
Water management becomes increasingly important to food with continuing climate change, because global warming is likely to increase droughts and change rainfall patterns.
Wolfgang Lucht, co-author of the study and co-chair of PIK, argues that the global effect of proper water use has been neglected in the discussion about how to feed the world.
“Since we are rapidly approaching planetary boundaries, our study should draw the attention of decision-makers at all levels to the potential of integrated crop water management”, he says.
It finds that global warming affects glacier melt, soil erosion and the release of sediments into rivers and lakes, damaging water quality. This is already having a significant impact on 40% of the world’s population, which lives downstream in India and China.
Transport of pollutants
The study found that concentrations of mercury, cadmium and lead in high-altitude lake sediments in areas with low human activity were significantly higher than in more densely populated low-altitude areas. This shows, the authors say, that atmospheric long-range transport of pollutants in remote Himalayan areas may deposit them at high altitudes.
The plateau has extensive permafrost cover, storing a lot of carbon. The temperature in the area has been increasing for the past 500 years, and the climate in the central plateau has been warming more than other regions in the last century.
Water from the plateau feeds the Yangtze, Yarlung Tsangpo (known in India as the Brahmaputra) and Ganges rivers, on which more than one billion people depend for their water.
Professor Mika Sillanpää, the director of the university’s Laboratory of Green Chemistry, calls for urgent research to understand the carbon cycle in the Himalayas.
“Global warming is releasing increasing amounts of carbon matter from permafrost to waters and then to the atmosphere,” he says. “This will intensify regional and even global climate change. It will affect human livelihoods, rangeland degradation, desertification, loss of glaciers, and more.”
A look into the process of mergers & acquisitions
Waste Connections’ recent acquisition of Progressive Waste Solutions is likely to be the largest industry deal of 2016, according to David Biderman, CEO of the Solid Waste Association of North America (SWANA).
Besides being a huge move for Waste Connections, “In these types of large transactions, there often are opportunities for other companies to acquire divested assets … that don’t quite fit into the acquiring companies’ plans,” he said.
This is how mergers and acquisitions typically play out in the trash business. Companies snatch up assets when the conditions are right. They keep expanding and consolidating, which is a decades-long trend that began when Waste Management and BFI reared growing heads, went public, and used the resulting capital to accelerate ongoing consolidation.
The movement is gaining forceful momentum, especially this year. Already,Waste Management, Santek Waste Services, Advanced Disposal, Waste Connections, and Covanta, among others, have bought up assets. Michael Hoffman of Stifel, financial consultants at the table through Waste Connections’ big deal, projects the roll will continue as companies with a pocket full of money look to create critical mass and increase density for greater operating leverage.
Buyers leverage strategies from tapping into markets where a municipality controls the landfill rather than competitors, to penetrating regions where they can swim upstream as a bigger fish and keep growing.
Tapping into “disposal neutral” markets
When assessing a purchase, Austin-based Inland Waste Solutions looks for “disposal-neutral” markets, owned by the local government.
“If the municipality controls the landfill, I don’t have to worry about competitors raising my tipping fees. Or we make sure we will have a lot of options. Like in Memphis I have three disposal options; Waste Connections, Waste Management, and Republic own the landfills, so I can negotiate tipping fees,” said Inland’s CEO, Bart Begley.
Inland looks for synergistic value, whether through operations synergies or administrative synergies.
“For example, we will purchase a company with both commercial and residential hauling that overlap areas we service so we can save money by merging new routes into existing ones to reduce the number of trucks needed to serve all customers,” said Begley.
In Northwest Arkansas, Inland increased its route density and saved administrative costs because they had dispatching, customer service, and accounting operations in place to manage all services for both the new and old entities combined. That was part of the Deffenbaugh acquisition. It was in an area where Inland was looking to grow — an area where the Department of Justice forced Waste Management to sell off because the solid waste giant got too saturated in that region’s small container business.
“Northwest Arkansas is a tremendous market; they don’t have a lot of players. So a key component of our strategy was to build these routes, which accelerated our growth plan by six or seven years,” said Begley.
Inland’s revenue was $40 million as of the end of 2015. “When you look at what we bought last year, we are heading toward $50 million,” said Begley of the company that’s penetrated seven states.
50 years of constant consolidation
“I describe it as having gone through six or seven major periods of public company expansion and then consolidation in and among those companies,” said Hoffman, explaining how the waste industry lends itself to consolidation because its operations are capital intensive and it’s a way to maximize investments.
“Now there are five [publicly traded companies], which will be four major ones with the Waste Collections and Progressive transaction: Republic, Waste Management, Waste Connections and Casella,” he said, though that figure will change soon if Advanced Disposal goes public, he added.
Hoffman said what is happening today is a meaningful narrowing of valuation differences between buyers and sellers; they are closer together on what they recognize as the value of a deal to each of them. Consequently, he said, “We see a healthy consolidation market in 2016.”
Aiming to be fully integrated
“You collect it; you transfer it; and you drive it to landfill and dump it. So you control waste from the curb to final disposal, capturing all of the profit margin. And that collection is [ideally] diverse with commercial and residential trash and recycling,” said Hoffman.
That’s how Waste Management has been doing collections for decades — inking deals that fit into the company’s existing empire.
“The assets we would look at as a priority would be … the ability to integrate effectively and to optimize and leverage [the deal] around our corporate capabilities to create additional value,” said Toni Beck, Waste Management’s vice president of communications and community relations.
Tightening regulatory requirements is also among drivers of buying and selling decisions, said Biderman. They require large investments in upgraded equipment and landfill design. As an example, he cited what he projects may be around the bend in New York City when haulers are required to upgrade trucks by 2020 to comply with more rigid emission rules.
“Carters will have to buy new trucks or retrofit existing ones. Either way you have to spend a fair amount and some may decide to sell rather than spend to upgrade their fleet. New York has the most collections in the country and many small carters will be impacted; it’s definitely an area to keep an eye on where more transactions could take place,” he said.
Corpus Christi, TX–based K2 Waste Solutions just came on line in 2015. The small independent collector recently acquired a residential hauling company in that city, marking K2’s entry into the residential market. “It gave us a thousand homes in a business that had been outside of our operational footprint. It was a good decision for us,” said K2 President Bill Killian.
“One truck and some containers, and you’re in business.” – Michael Hoffman
The company shoots for a revenue mix of a third in commercial, a third in residential, and a third in industrial.
“Residential and commercial generate a dependable monthly income, though construction contracts are a higher per ticket average and good money makers,” said Killian.
“Unless the major focus is landfilling, it’s hard to break a company,” said Hoffman. We have no choice but to deal with our trash. So usually if a company goes up for sale it’s because the owners want out, he said.
In Hoffman’s view, “If you want to be in the garbage business, if you can borrow money or already have it, you are in. One truck and some containers, and you’re in business.”
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“If it has a plug or runs on batteries and it is broken – it’s e-waste”. This phrase found on the Transworld Cargo website succinctly defines electronic waste.
We can’t take for granted the knowledge families have on recycling e-waste. With households storing old computers, fridges, television sets and even damaged mobile technology, some are unaware of what to do to with them.
Instead of hoarding such waste or simply dumping it in any landfill, you and your family can use safe methods to deal with e-waste correctly.
With the growing use of household digital appliances, “e-waste has become the fastest growing waste in the world, adding up to 50 million tons of e-waste worldwide per annum,” according to Transworld Cargo, the leading e-cycling partner in the country.
Their goal is to provide the expertise and infrastructure necessary for recycling e-waste.
“People are adamant about recycling, their interest keeps growing,” Transworld Cargo warehouse manager Armando Passano said.
Don’t know what to do with all your e-waste?
Passano suggested that the public drop it off at their Windhoek warehouse in Southern Industrial.
This will make it easier for them to dismantle and sort through the waste, and doesn’t limit customers to the one cubic metre requirement for residential and company pick-ups made by Transworld.
In Windhoek exclusively, Transworld Cargo has various drop-off sites where locals can dispose of their electronic items in the containers provided. Do keep in mind that they do not accept batteries and fluorescent bulbs. Those can be dumped as hazardous waste at the Kupferberg landfill site.
Transworld Cargo (5 von Braun Street, Southern Industrial Area) – Monday to Friday from 08h00 to 17h00
Delta School (corner of Reverend Michael Scott and Dr. A.B. May Street, near Ausspannplatz) – Tuesdays and Thursdays from 07h00 to 09h00
St Paul’s College (393 Sam Nujoma Drive) – Monday to Friday from 08h00 to 16h00
DHPS (11-15 Church Street) – Mondays from 06h45 to 16h00 and Tuesdays to Fridays from 06h45 to 13h30
Windhoek International School (Scheppmann Street, Pioneers Park, Extension 1)
Mine management and the local leadership of the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) have reportedly jointly agreed to end the unprotected strike at the BHP Billiton-managed Hotazel manganese operations in the Northern Cape.
BHP Billiton South Africa communications manager Patrick Wadula said in a media statement sent to Creamer Media’s Mining Weekly Online that the agreement meant that all employees were due to have reported for duty by today, Wednesday, April 8.
Wadula stated that management of the Hotazel manganese operations and NUM expected the mines to be fully operational from the morning shift and that both parties had agreed to engage further on the issues under discussion. Mineworkers, who began the strike on March 27, were urged to return to work last week in compliance with a court order, which had declared the stayaway illegal and unprotected.
The stayaway followed prolonged engagement over claims arising from an employee share ownership scheme (Esop), which led to a one-off financial settlement to resolve the matter and the payout of three dividends to date, with a fourth due this month, under a new Esop. BHP Billiton, which is planning to demerge the Hotazel manganese mines into the new South32 spin-off company on which shareholders are scheduled to vote next month, committed itself to open engagement with NUM to ensure continuity of production following rulings in its favour by the statutory Council for Conciliation Mediation and Arbitration and the courts.
The manganese business that has been earmarked to become part of South32 includes the Hotazel mines and Gemco in Australia, and smelters at Temco in Australia and Metalloys in South Africa. With those assets, South32 would be one of the largest low-cost producers of manganese ore and a global producer of manganese alloy. The aim is for South32 to become a 12-asset, five-country, 24 000-employee group and locate a service centre in South Africa similar to the one in Australia that delivers services to the 41-asset, 13-country and 50 000-employee BHP Billiton group on six continents.
Source: Engineering News
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As the ICT sector grows in Botswana, government is already grappling with e-waste management and has put out calls to influence disposal e-waste safely.
The Botswana Communications Regulatory Authority (BOCRA) and Department of Waste Management and Pollution Control (DWMPC) are spearheading government’s initiative to promote safe disposing of e-waste.
Through collaboration with Pretoria-based Africa Institute, an international NGO for sound management of hazardous waste and other chemicals, DWMPC has produced a video expected to promote safe disposing of waste.
According to DWMPC the video shows the situation of e-waste in Botswana, the private sector and public institution initiatives and recycling of e-waste in South Africa and Namibia.
“It is hoped this video will create awareness on the potential dangers of poor handling and disposal of e-waste in our society and stimulate private sector efforts towards resource recovery and recycling of this waste,” said Frank Molaletsi from DWMPC, waste management department.
In 1998 Botswana’s legislators promulgated the country’s Waste Management Act, and the piece of legislation is silent on issues of e-waste.
And in another initiative DWMPC has put out a tender to engage a consultancy to develop an Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Policy to address the shortcomings and gaps in the existing waste management legislation including the sound management of e-Waste.
“Funds have been secured for this exercise. This policy will pave way for the development of an overarching legislation that will address waste management issues holistically,” said Molaletsi.
Adding sentiments to issues of e-waste Mphoeng Tamasiga, Deputy Chief Executive at BOCRA said; “The reality is that once our communications gadgets reach the end of their useful life they become waste, not just any waste but electronic waste or e-waste.”
Tamasiga said electronic waste is currently regarded as the largest growing waste stream, posing the most diverse challenges, including environmental, economic and social aspects because of its hazardous and complex nature.