Despite the lower-for-much-longer oil price outlook, integrated chemicals and energy company Sasol is remaining focused on executing growth projects in Southern Africa and North America as part of a dual regional strategy. In presenting 63%-lower earnings attributable to shareholders in the six months to December 31, outgoing Sasol CEO David Constable gave details of Sasol’s expansion in neighbouring Mozambique, where it had obtained Council of Ministers’ approval for a field development plan that would monetise more hydrocarbon resources in support of Southern Africa’s growth objectives. (Also watch attached Creamer Media video). “The Mozambican gas industry is playing an increasingly important role in the regional energy landscape,” Constable said at the company’s latest presentation of financial results, attended by Creamer Media’s Engineering News Online. The production agreement’s $1.4-billion first phase involved an integrated oil, liquefied petroleum gas and gas project next to the company’s existing production agreement area.
Against that background, R2.7-billion was being invested in the Loop Line 2 natural gas pipeline project to increase the capacity of the Mozambique-to-South Africa gas pipeline to 191-billion cubic feet a year from the second half of this year. In South Africa, beneficial operation was expected at the Shondoni coal project in Mpumalanga in the first half of this year and at the R13.6-billion second-phase Sasolburg wax expansion in the first half of 2017. In the United States, $3.7-billion had been invested to date in the ethane cracker and downstream derivatives complex at Lake Charles, where detailed engineering was advanced and underground civil work was nearing completion. To support the company’s response plan to the lower oil price, the decision had been taken to pace the execution of the cracker project, with the proposed schedule extension expected to optimise field efficiency still further and limit the spend rate. A phased commissioning of the cracker was expected in 2018 and full beneficial operation of the smaller derivatives units in 2019. “By optimising cash flows, we’re managing our gearing and credit rating, ensuring continued balance sheet strength, protecting our dividend policy and driving resilient earnings,” said Constable – who will be succeeded by joint CEOs Bongani Nqwababa and Stephen Cornell on July 1. The dual strategy was designed to augment Sasol’s other business activities in Eurasia, Middle East and the rest of Africa. Overall, the company was going all out to ensure that its balance sheet and earnings remained resilient at an oil price of $30/bl.
Applications are invited for JNCASR-CICS Fellowship Programme to encourage mobility of scientists from developing countries. The Fellowship provides an opportunity for young scientists, teachers and researchers from the developing countries (other than India) to undertake research studies in India. The fellowship covers short-term, participatory research studies in all major disciplines of science and technology including engineering and medical sciences at the Indian Centres of Excellence. Up to 10 Fellowships are provided annually for the duration of three months. The applications deadline is 31st October every year.
Study Subject(s): Fellowships are awarded in all major disciplines of science and technology including engineering and medical sciences at the Indian Centres of Excellence.
Course Level: Fellowships are available to undertake research studies (short-term, participatory research) in India.
Scholarship Provider: Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR ) Bangalore and the Centre for International Co-operation in Science(CICS) Chennai, India
Scholarship can be taken at: India
Eligibility: Applicant must be a scientist, teacher or a research scholar affiliated to a scientific or academic institution in a developing country in Asia (other than India), Africa, Latin America and Arab region. Applicant (other than Indian) possessing Doctorate or Master’s Degree in Science or equivalent degree in Engineering/ Medicine and allied disciplines, below 45 years of age affiliated to a scientific or academic institution in a developing country (Other than India).
Scholarship Open for International Students: Citizens of developing countries (other than India) Afghanistan, Gambia, Mozambique, Bangladesh, The Guinea, Myanmar, Benin, Guinea-Bissau, Nepal, Burkina Faso, Haiti, Niger, Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Cambodia, Korea, Dem Rep., Sierra Leone, Central African Republic, Kyrgyzstan, Somalia, Liberia, Tajikistan, Comoros, Madagascar, Tanzania, Malawi, Togo, Congo, Dem. Rep, Eritrea, Mali, Uganda, Ethiopia, Mauritania, Zimbabwe, Albania, Indonesia, Samoa, Armenia, Sao Tome and Principe, Belize, Iraq, Senegal, Bhutan, Kiribati, Solomon Islands, Bolivia, Kosovo, South Sudan, Cameroon, Laos, Sri Lanka, Cape Verde, Lesotho, Sudan, Congo, Rep., Marshall Islands, Swaziland, Ivory Coast, Micronesia, Federated States of Micronesia, Syrian Arab Republic, Djibouti, Moldova, Timor-Leste, Egypt, Arab Rep., Mongolia, Tonga, El Salvador, Morocco, Ukraine, Fiji, Nicaragua, Uzbekistan, Georgia, Nigeria, Vanuatu, Ghana, Pakistan, Vietnam, Guatemala, Papua New Guinea, West Bank and Gaza, Guyana, Paraguay, Yemen, Rep., Honduras, Philippines, Zambia, Angola, Ecuador, Palau, Algeria, Gabon, Panama, American Samoa, Grenada, Peru, Antigua and Barbuda, Iran, Islamic Rep., Romania, Argentina, Jamaica, Russian Federation, Azerbaijan, Jordan, Serbia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Seychelles, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Latvia, South Africa, Botswana, Lebanon, St. Lucia, Brazil, Libya, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Bulgaria, Lithuania, Suriname, Chile, Macedonia, Thailand, China, Malaysia, Tunisia, Colombia, Maldives, Turkey, Costa Rica, Mauritius, Turkmenistan, Cuba, Mexico, Tuvalu, Dominica, Montenegro and Uruguay) are eligible for this fellowship.
Scholarship Description: This fellowship programme is jointly instituted by the Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR) Bangalore and the Centre for International Co-operation in Science(CICS), Chennai to encourage mobility of scientists from developing countries. The Fellowship covers short-term research, training or participatory research work in physical, chemical or biological sciences in reputed scientific institutions in India including JNCASR.
Number of award(s): About 10 Fellowships are provided annually.
Duration of award(s): The duration of the fellowship is for 3 months.
What does it cover? The Fellowship Applications will be scrutinized during November/December every year by a selection committee. The Fellowship covers return airfare from place of work in their home country to place of work in India, boarding and lodging at the affiliated institution/s, and an adequate allowance in Indian currency to cover incidental expenses. The CICS will facilitate the issuance of visa to the awardees. The awardees are allowed to choose the fellowship period mutually convenient to them and the host institute.
Selection Criteria: Not Known
Notification: Not Known
How to Apply: Completed application should be submitted by post. List of enclosures to accompany the application:-
-A detailed curriculum vitae containing the date of birth & age, applicant’s research interest and experience, publications (only those in referred journals), present position, scientific affiliations, awards and scholarships etc.
-A detailed write-up describing the proposed research work.
-Two passport size photographs
-Copy of degree certificate for highest qualification
-A letter of consent from Parent Institution
-Applications should be forwarded by an appropriate authority.
-Applicants should possess a valid passport.
-Selected candidates must obtain permission/leave from their parent institutions.
-Selected candidates must obtain Indian visa for the proposed period of work upon advice from CICS.
Scholarship Application Deadline: The last date for receipt of the applications is 31st October every year.
The government still has to negotiate the price for the procurement of nuclear power in South Africa, according to the Department of Energy.
It had completed various technical studies, including in depth studies into the cost of nuclear power, funding and financing models and economic impact of localisation, among others, deputy director-general for nuclear energy Zizamele Mbambo said yesterday.
“It is important to note that government is still to negotiate the price tag in the procurement process which is why exact figures for the study cannot be made available to the public at this stage. These studies were done to ensure that South Africa is a knowledgeable customer,” Mbambo said at a press briefing in Ballito, KwaZulu-Natal on the status of the country’s new build nuclear energy programme.
The procurement process would start in the second quarter and be completed by the end of the 2015 financial year with the selection of either a single or a group of strategic partners, he added.
Six to eight nuclear power plants
The first new nuclear power station would come on line in 2023. The government intended to build between six and eight nuclear power plants, and the bid invitation specification and related evaluation criteria would be finalised by the end of July, Mbambo said.
“It is important to note that government is still to negotiate the price tag in the procurement process which is why exact figures… cannot be made available to the public at this stage.”
Mbambo gave examples of the current world experience, saying the current world experience for quoted numbers for real export would indicate an overnight cost of about $5-billion per 1 200 megawatts, which is equivalent to $4 200 per kilowatt per reactor in new comer states.
“In countries with established domestic construction programmes, such as China, South Korea and India, the prices in order of $2 500 per kilowatts are being quoted. Among the 70-plus reactors in the world, there are a number of projects where because of the local market and political conditions the project costs are higher than these figures.”
The government was expected to complete its financing arrangements for the new build programme shortly.
Mixed energy plan
In March 2011, the Cabinet approved and promulgated a 20-year Integrated Resource Plan (IRP 2010-30), which is the government’s electricity plan. It has a mixed energy agenda that puts nuclear at 23% (9 600 MW) of energy source by 2030.
The briefing followed the submission of the Inter-Government Framework Agreements on nuclear co-operation to Parliament.
These agreements laid a foundation for co-operation, trade and exchange of nuclear technology as well as procurement, according to the department.
Going forward, Mbambo said, the government planned to follow the approved procurement process that would include a competitive, transparent bidding process that was cost effective and in line with legislation.
Work already done towards the nuclear build programme was extensive. Over and above the inter-governmental agreements, the International Atomic Energy Agency has conducted an Integrated Nuclear Infrastructure Review (INIR) mission, which is an assessment of the country’s infrastructure as it relates to readiness to start purchasing, constructing, and operating nuclear power plants.
Of the 10 recommendations made by the panel, several have been completed; others are being reviewed. Strategies have been drawn up in line with the recommendations.
The department has also undertaken study tours to various nuclear vendor countries to learn about the technologies they use and the lessons they have learned in using nuclear energy.
Vendor parades have been held, with South Africa professionals from government departments, state-owned entities and universities interrogating the vendors’ technological offerings.
“The vendor parade workshops provided a platform for South Africa professionals to exchange views with their peers on the nuclear new build programme.”
In addition, in preparing for the nuclear new build programme, national skills development is being undertaken.
Mbambo said 50 trainees from the government, entities and industry were sent to China for Phase 1 nuclear training in April. “Plans are under way to send an additional 250 trainees to China this year. Additionally, a memorandum of agreement on skills development was entered into between Necsa [South African Nuclear Energy Corporation] and State Nuclear Power Technology Co-operation of China.”
Russia had offered 10 scholarships for Master’s degrees in nuclear technology. A memorandum of understanding had also been signed covering the training and development of 200 South Africans at Russian universities and educational organisations.
South Korea had an existing programme to train South African students for Master’s degrees in nuclear engineering; already three students had graduated.
Finally, France had put in place 14 bursaries for young people from previously disadvantaged groups to study a four-year engineering programme at various universities.
“The negotiations on Nuclear Skills Development with the French government are at an advance stage that could see an establishment of a nuclear campus in South Africa,” Mbambo added.
“Government remains committed to ensure energy security for the country, through the roll out of the nuclear new build programme as an integral part of the energy mix. Government remains committed to ensuring the provision of reliable and sustainable electricity supply, as part of mitigating the risk of carbon emissions,” he said.
The nuclear new build programme would enable the country “to create jobs, develop skills, create industries, and catapult the country into a knowledge economy”.
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A high-level gathering including H.E. President Macky Sall of Senegal and government and business representatives from several African countries, met to discuss greater support for Africa’s skills needs.
President Sall officially launched the Regional Scholarship and Innovative fund on June 13, 2015, with initial seed money of US$5 million contributed by African governments. The Fund is a key initiative under the Partnership for Skills in Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology (PASET), which is facilitated by the World Bank Group.
“Increasingly, Africa sees the need to depend on science and technology to increase industrial and agricultural productivity, guarantee food security, tackle diseases, ensure a safe water supply, and reduce the energy deficit,” said President Sall.
The three founding member countries of PASET were represented at the event by Senegal’s Minister of Education and Research, Mary Teuw Niane, Rwanda’s Minister of Foreign Affairs, Louise Mushikiwabo, and Ethiopia’s Minister of Education, Shiferaw Shigutie.
Helping to bridge Africa’s skills gap
Today, Africa faces a dire deficit in skilled workers in the applied sciences, engineering and technology (ASET) fields. There is one or less scientist or engineer per 10,000 people, compared with 20 to 50 in industrialized countries.
African business leaders have long been concerned about the skills mismatch in the labor force. Due to a lack of the relevant expertise and skills, African businesses have preferred to invest outside of the region, and external investors in Africa continue to import skilled workers.
Emerging economies including China, Brazil, India and South Korea faced similar challenges in their early years until they invested heavily in science and technology education and research.
$5 million seed fund to help train 10,000 PhDs over 10 years
The $5 million pledged by African governments is an initial contribution to seed the Regional Scholarship and Innovation Fund, which will train 10,000 PhDs, building research capacity in African universities and promoting innovation and entrepreneurship in ASET fields in Africa, over a period of 10 years. Leaders agreed to operationalize the Fund by June 2016, with a transparent, accountable and results-focused governance structure.
Sub-Saharan Africa needs an innovative ASET workforce that can provide sustainable solutions to Africa’s challenges in priority sectors, such as agriculture, energy, construction, manufacturing, transport, financial services, tourism and health. This would develop new knowledge, products and processes and adapt existing technology into marketable goods and services customized the African context. Creating this workforce requires improvements in the quality of university faculty and the development of relevant and quality curricula that encourage innovation, and investment in research capacity building.
Dr. Álvaro Sobrinho, Chairman of the African Business Champions for Science and founder of Planet Earth Institute, said: “As Africa continues to make great strides forward, we must also continue to recognize the importance of investing in our future generations. This investment must go beyond access and enrolment to develop excellence, too, especially in science and technology. Excellence in science and technology will equip Africa with a workforce ready to compete in the 21stcentury, where we can lead the world as scientists, engineers and innovators.”
On the cusp of socio-economic transformation
Africa is on the cusp of a socio-economic transformation. To accelerate this transformation requires a paradigm shift in three respects: a regional approach which complements individual country efforts in specific areas of development; public and private sector partnerships; and strong ownership and leadership of the change process by African stakeholders.
The launch of the Fund was a simple but very unique gathering that exemplified this paradigm shift. A few champions took the initiative to build a critical mass of highly skilled scientists and technologists. Using a regional effort which pools public and private resources to build capacity on the continent, they invited other African governments and business leaders to make similar commitments.
As this Fund and its parent initiative, PASET, take deeper roots within sub-Saharan Africa, it is hoped that many other African governments, business leaders, and partner institutions will take up the challenge and support the partnership.
The World Bank Group’s contribution was to bring the key players together and provide technical assistance and global knowledge, which resulted in a strong ownership and commitment from both the African Heads of State and the business leaders.
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Turkish floating power plant group Karpowership says it has identified several potential sites along South Africa’s coastline where it could berth or moor vessels with generating capacities of up to 500 MW, indicating that the sites are generally located near load centres in the Western and Eastern Cape provinces.
Sales director Patrick O’Driscoll, who is marketing the concept to the South African government and Eskom as a way of addressing the country’s near-term supply shortfalls, acknowledges that the sites have only been interrogated as part of desktop studies.
However, he tells Engineering News Online that the company does not view siting or grid connectivity as major obstacles, with the ships equipped with onboard substations able to inject electricity at voltages specified by the offtaker.
Part of the larger family-owned Karadeniz Holdings group, the company claims to be in a position to introduce around 500 MW of capacity into South Africa by year-end and as much as 2 000 MW within 18 months.
It builds, owns and operates three classes of vessel, ranging in size from 100 MW to 500 MW, and has about 1 200 MW currently in operation globally.
Karpowership recently secured a ten-year power purchase agreement with Ghana for 450 MW, with the initial generation scheduled to begin by year-end.
O’Driscoll says the powerships are able to operate on both natural gas and heavy fuel oil (HFO), with the latter primary-energy source likely to be used in South Africa, owing to inadequate immediate supplies of natural gas.
Karpowership argues that its HFO is easily accessible and trades at a material discount to diesel, which would make the electricity produced by the floating power stations cheaper than output currently produced from the open-cycle gas-turbines (OCGTs) in the Western Cape.
“There are significant savings when compared with the OCGTs,” O’Driscoll avers, adding that the plants can be used as either peaking, mid-merit or baseload solutions, depending on the needs of the offtaker.
But a major value proposition for South Africa is the prospect of being able to introduce capacity in a short timeframe, and well within the 24- to 36-month horizon for demand exceeding supply outlined by President Jacob Zuma in his recent response to the Presidency Budget Vote.
O’Driscoll tells Engineering News Online that he has receive a positive reaction from both the private and public sectors in South Africa, but that given the size of the offering the offtaker would probably need to be Eskom, which would still need to conduct its own due diligence of the solution.
Acting CEO Brian Molefe has already referred to powerships as a possible remedy to reducing the threat of daily load-shedding. However, South Africa was also pursuing a number of other short-term solutions, from cogeneration to demand-response schemes. In addition, any public procurement of power would also likely need to be subjected to a competitive-bidding process, in line with the country’s legislative and regulatory requirements.
Nevertheless, O’Driscoll remains optimistic, arguing that, over a five-year period, the powership solution had the ability to delivery a R43-billion saving when compared with the cost of operating the OCGTs.
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The facility would comprise 12 in-ground concrete tanks and was set for completion in the first quarter of 2017, Oiltanking MOGS Saldanha reported. MORE INSIGHT Oiltanking MOGS Saldanha Commences Front End Engineering Design of its Storage Terminal in Saldanha Bay, South Africa Ngqura liquid-bulk terminal storage, South Africa Grindrod moves to expand Richards Bay coal, magnetite terminal.
“The start of the front-end engineering design (Feed) is a major milestone and demonstrates significant progress for
the Saldanha Bay project,” the company, a joint venture between Grindrod subsidiary Oiltanking Grindrod Calulo Holdings and black-owned Mining, Oil and Gas Services, said on Wednesday.
The scope included the earthworks, as well as civil, mechanical and electrical components of the crude oil terminal and associated infrastructure. The Feed was estimated to be completed in six months and would immediately be followed by the construction phase.
The terminal in the Port of Saldanha Bay would be built as a state-of-the-art facility in accordance with the highest safety and environmental standards. The terminal would be connected to an existing jetty which could handle vessels up to very large crude carrier size. Oiltanking MOGS Saldanha was also at an advanced stage of securing the initial customer base load for the terminal.
Oiltanking MOGS Saldanha was also at an advanced stage of securing the initial customer base load for the terminal.
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“It looks like a pair of bloody Y-fronts!” activist poet, Sandile Dikene, complained as the black-and-white image of the winning design for South Africa’s new flag inched from the fax machine. The year was 1994, and Dikene was working with me on Mandela’s election campaign in the run-up to South Africa’s first democratic elections. His reaction to the design, chosen over from 7,000 in a public competition, was a common one at the time. But two decades on, despite the initial luke-warm reception, South Africa’s flag has become an iconic design: an instantly recognizable emblem of the so-called Rainbow Nation.
In many ways South African design mirrors the county’s remarkable recent political history, emerging as it has from turbulent times and international isolation to create a vibrant synthesis of the traditional and modern: the African and the European. “Design reflects the society in which it is practiced and, since South Africa is a very political society, design here reflects a level of social consciousness that is perhaps not seen in other countries,” says Capetoian graphic and web designer, Justin Slack.
During the apartheid years, South African design was dominated by engineering design as well as and industrial design that aimed to replicate European products which could not be imported due sanctions. Design also reflected the inequalities and divisions of the society with designers producing things such as swimming pool cleaners, portable barbeques and camping equipment for the affluent white market whilst the majority population’s needs were largely ignored.
The isolation that resulted from trade and cultural sanctions severely limited the possibilities for South African designers to engage in international creative exchange and many left to seek opportunities overseas. For those who stayed behind isolation had an ironically positive impact helping to foster a degree of independence in the industry as well as removing external competition. With the growing levels of social consciousness in the country designers began to focus on more culturally and geographically appropriate locally designed products.
The unbanning of the ANC in 1990 and the inauguration of Nelson Mandela as President in 1994 marked the start of a dramatic transformation of the country. “There was an explosion of creativity and innovation borne out of necessity and circumstances,” recalls Erica Elk, executive director of the Cape Craft & Design Institute. Those circumstances have not always been easy with one-in-four South Africans unemployed, over a million living in shacks and an estimated 5 million infected with HIV/AIDS.
Figures from the department of trade and industry suggest that South Africa’s craft sub-sector annually provides jobs for approximately 40,000 people through 7,000 small enterprises. Furthermore, government agencies such as the Department of Arts and Culture have launched a number of design initiatives partnering with the South African Fashion Week and non-governmental organisations and design institutes. Initiatives such as the Design Indaba, an annual expo that bills itself as the largest creative conference in Africa, have given the design industry a substantial boost.
The distinction between craft and design has traditionally been a problematic one with an implied division between the educated and the uneducated, the professional and the artisan. Crafts are generally seen as being handmade involving tools rather than machines, whilst design often requires a higher degree of specialized teamwork sometimes involving the separation of conception and production. With one of apartheid’s legacies being a huge disparity in educational opportunities, this division between design and craft has social and political dimensions.
In South Africa there is a substantial degree of overlap between design and craft with traditional materials and methods being incorporated by designers in all fields to create a distinctive synthesis. Indeed South Africa is regarded as a world leader in ‘slow design’, a movement which fuses design and craft in a sustainable way which celebrates diversity and pluralism. “In an African context the overlaps between craft, design and art are obvious,” says Cape Townian designer Heath Nash. “Cultural practice here has morphed due to colonial pressures over time, and in so doing, traditional art/craft/ritual/functional/spiritual/tribal/social/personal spaces have all been mixed together.”
Nash works with galvanised steel and recycled plastic producing a range of re-purposed post-consumer plastic waste products which he calls ‘other people’s rubbish’. He outsources most of his standard products to wire-workers around Cape Town and distributes around the world. “The history of re-use as a typical South African mode of production was inspiring,” says Nash. “I realized that by using the right materials and knowledge – wire and plastic – combined with typically South African skills and contemporary design, a new aesthetic could be created which really spoke to the current South African situation.”
Use of recycled materials is being pioneered by other companies such as Mielie who design and hand-craft a range of handbags and homeware products using recycled materials such as t-shirt fabric and leather off-cuts, coffee bags and billboards. The importance of craft and design as a means of economic empowerment and is also crucial for people like Bishop Tarambawamwe who began his business selling his wire and bead art on the streets. “I would sell at traffic lights but my work became so popular that I started disrupting the flow of traffic and the police kept moving me on,” Tarambawamwe recalls. He now has a company, Master Wires & Bead Craft, that exports internationally.
Casamento is another design house that relies on traditional techniques and materials in their production of handcrafted furniture. Avoiding foam the upholstery they use recycled and natural-fibre alternatives including coir, sisal, raw cotton wadding, horsehair jute webbing, Hessian. They also work with local needle workers, from crochet artists, to knitters and embroiderers who contribute panels for their furniture, as well as work on commissions for their clients. Although the materials used may be traditional, their furniture is playful and creative, blurring the boundaries of fantasy and function.
Wola Nani is an initiative which attempts to use crafts as a way of supporting communities hit hardest by the HIV crisis. Meaning ‘we embrace and develop one another’ in Xhosa, Wola Nani is a non-profit organization providing work to over 40 HIV-positive women giving them a regular and sustainable income with which to support their families. Using popular Xhosa shweshwe designs Wola Nani produces and markets crafts which are sold via mail-order catalogue and through retail shops regionally and worldwide. The organization not only exploits the potential that exists in fair trade stores but also has contracts with stores such as Anthropologie.
“South African design, especially communication and fashion design is alive and very well and competing successfully within the global market,” according to Esme Kruger of Johanesburg’s Design Institute. But the design industry has been hit hard by the recession and although South Africa has experienced a virtually uninterrupted two decade period of economic growth the recent economic down-turn is taking its toll.
Among apartheid’s many legacies was a legacy of bad design that, nearly two decades on, is still manifested in a spatially, socially and racially divided society. Indeed a striking thing about a visit to any South African city is the impact of apartheid town planning with so-called white suburbs, coloured suburbs, Indian suburbs and black townships all dotted separately around the city centres. Despite this legacy the fact that clean air and a healthy environment are inscribed in South Africa’s Constitution has ensured that social development is central to contemporary urban planning and design South Africa. According to urbanist, Edgar Pietersen, South Africa has set itself a very high bar for intervening in the built environment by insisting on sustainable outcomes, meaningful citizen participation and addressing socio-economic imperatives. “This is what makes South Africa a demanding and fascinating laboratory – the imperative to invent and deploy innovative approaches to achieve developmental outcomes in the context of limited resources, vast need and profound natural resource constraints” he explains.
“We think of ourselves far too frequently as just individuals, separated from one another, whereas you are connected and what you do affects the whole world” says Archbishop Tutu in describing the meaning of ‘ubuntu’, a Bantu philosophy prominent in South Africa. Ubuntu is a founding principle of the new South Africa and can be applied to design in all its forms. The Rainbow Nation does not have a single distinctive design aesthetic and its inter-connectedness that is part of its strength. “One of our competitive advantages in South Africa is our cultural diversity and the myriad influences and styles at play in our creative sector” Erica Elk explains. South Africans and their design may be individualist, distinctive, and unique but they are all part of a much greater whole.
Source: Huffington Post
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Closing Date: 21 January 2015
Nanoteq is a South African company which provides custom cryptographic security solutions and products to our local and international clients.
Nanoteq is offering bursaries to second and third year students studying full-time towards an undergraduate university degree in Electronic and / or Computer Engineering.
The main criteria for selection of applicants are an active interest in research and development and academic potential.
Applications are open to:
- Young South African citizens from previously disadvantaged communities.
- Second and third year students in Electronic and / or Computer Engineering.
- R 80,000 per annum
Main selection criteria:
- Academic merit
Closing date: The closing date for the receipt of applications by Nanoteq is 21 January 2015. Terms and conditions, as per the information letter will apply.
How to apply
Please request a bursary application form from: firstname.lastname@example.org
Source: Puff and Pass