- Ford approves the use of Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil (HVO) in Europe.
- The creation process, using hydrogen as a catalyst, means HVO is both cleaner-burning than conventional biodiesels and has a longer shelf life.
- HVO offers significant environmental benefits.
Ford has approved the use of Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil (HVO) in its Transit vans in Europe. This renewable diesel fuel is based on waste oils, including used cooking oil that can be sourced from restaurants and takeaways – and even kitchens at home.
The use of HVO – or renewable diesel – in place of conventional fossil fuels can contribute to improvements in air quality. Greenhouse gases can be reduced by up to 90 per cent compared with regular diesel; and vehicles run on HVO emit less nitrogen oxide (NOx) and particulates than other diesel vehicles because the fuel contains no sulphur, or oxygen.
Commercial companies across Europe collect used cooking oil from restaurants, caterers and schools. RecOil, an EU initiative supported by the European Commission, is working to increase collections to boost biodiesel production, including more household collections.
Additionally, HVO, which also incorporates waste animal fats and fish oil, helps diesel engines start more easily in low temperatures. The creation process, using hydrogen as a catalyst, means HVO is both cleaner-burning than conventional biodiesels and has a longer shelf life.
Ford thoroughly tested HVO in its 2.0-litre EcoBlue engine to make sure no modifications would be needed, and servicing would not be affected. No further development of the fuel was needed before it could be used in Ford’s latest Transit vans.
“Enabling vehicles to run on fuel made from waste, including used cooking oil, may sound far-fetched but it is in fact a reality,” says Dale Reid, Product Marketing Manager Ford Motor Company of Southern Africa. “While HVO is not available in South African and is currently only available in limited markets in Europe it will be interesting to monitor the interest in uptake. Industry experts in Europe predict that HVO will become more commonly available in the future as the appetitive for renewable energy grows.’
Availability of HVO diesel at fuel stations is currently limited in Europe, being most common in Scandinavia. Businesses can order deliveries of the fuel to onsite fleet filling stations in some countries. Industry experts predict that HVO will become more commonly available as EU states attempt to meet the target set by the Renewable Energy Directive (RED II) of raising consumption of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) to 32 per cent by 2030. Oil companies such as ENI in Italy, Total in France and Repsol in Spain are all developing HVO products. HVO can be sold in pure form or in a blend with regular diesel, and it can be mixed in the fuel tank with standard diesel. Drivers can top up with HVO at one stop and regular diesel at the next without having to drain and clean the tank in between. The HVO diesel has not yet become available in South Africa.