6 September 2016 – A new United Nations report has indicated that global manufacturing growth is expected to remain low in 2016 due to weakened financial support for productive activities.
The quarterly World Manufacturing Production report, published by the UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), has stated that with financial uncertainty still looming across Europe, foreign direct investment has not yet reached the 2007 pre-crisis level.
According to a UNIDO news release issued yesterday, world manufacturing output is expected to increase by only 2.8 per cent in 2016. However, in contrast to recent years, there will be no breakout from the low-growth trap in 2016.
The agency also warned that lower industrial growth rates pose a challenge for the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) on promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation, as encapsulated by Goal 9, which also aims to significantly raise the share of manufacturing in the economies of developing countries.
It further stated that that manufacturing production is likely to rise by only 1.3 per cent in industrialized countries and by 4.7 per cent in developing ones.
In terms of growth rates for countries, the growth rate performance of China, the world’s largest manufacturer, is likely to further decline from last year’s 7.1 per cent to 6.5 per cent this year. Russia and the United States recorded marginal rises of 1.0 per cent and 0.3 per cent, respectively.
Manufacturing output in Japan, however, fell by 1.8 per cent. India too suffered a sudden 0.7 per cent drop in growth figures. In contrast, other Asian countries largely maintained higher growth rates. Manufacturing output rose by 5.6 per cent in Indonesia, 3.9 per cent in Malaysia and 13.5 per cent in Viet Nam.
Additionally, in Europe, the uncertainty following the Brexit affected the growth rate performance in manufacturing in the second quarter of 2016, below 1.0 per cent for the first time since 2013.
Among Latin American economies, manufacturing output fell by 3.2 per cent in the second quarter, amid a continuing production decline in the region.
The report further noted that, based on estimates from the limited available, manufacturing output rose by 2.5 per cent in Africa. South Africa, the continent’s largest manufacturer, significantly improved its growth performance to 3.3 per cent in the second quarter. Higher growth rates of 8.3 per cent and 7.6 per cent were achieved in Cameron and Senegal.
In terms of growth estimates by manufacturing sectors, the report stated that the production of tobacco fell for the second consecutive quarter, declining by 2.6 per cent.
It also stated that developing economies maintained higher growth in the production of textiles, chemical products and fabricated metal products, while the growth performance of industrialized economies was higher in the pharmaceutical industry and in production of motor vehicles.
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An East African Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency, or EACREEE, has been launched at Makerere University in Uganda to address energy issues faced by the five East African Community nations of Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda.
It joins the Global Network of Regional Sustainable Energy Centres, coordinated by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization or UNIDO.
“The centres respond to the urgent need for increased regional cooperation and capacities to mitigate existing barriers to renewable energy and energy efficiency investment, markets and industries,” UNIDO says.
EACREEE has been created by the East African Community or EAC states with support from the Austrian Development Agency, UNIDO and the Australian Agency for International Development, as part of global efforts to make Sustainable Energy for All a reality in 2030, as per the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.
EACREEE’s work will contribute particularly to the cross-cutting areas of the goal on sustainable energy, and the goal on sustainable industrial development. It will work towards limiting average global surface temperature increases.
The centre is based in Makerere University’s college of engineering, design, art and technology, and operates through a network of national focal institutions among all East African states.
EACREEE’s main aim is to develop and implement a regional renewable energy policy framework for the EAC, and facilitate its implementation at national levels to ensure the availability of sufficient, reliable, cost-effective and environmentally friendly energy sources.
This will be achieved through innovative partnerships within the region and beyond that will tackle energy, climate and development challenges simultaneously.
What the centre will do
The centre was inspired by the success of the Economic Community of West African States’ ECOWAS Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency, and responds to the different energy challenges East African countries are facing, including energy access, energy security and climate change mitigation.
EACREEE will act as a regional think-tank as well as strengthening ongoing national activities in the areas of policy and capacity development, knowledge management, awareness raising, and investment in and business promotion of renewable energy and energy efficiency.
It will contribute towards improved access to modern, affordable and reliable energy services, energy security and mitigation of negative externalities of energy systems – such as pollution – by creating an enabling environment for renewable energy, and energy efficiency markets and investments.
“The centre will promote all appropriate and sustainable renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies, promote small-scale and medium-scale hydro power projects, and bio-fuel projects and liquid petroleum gas cooking projects,” said Professor Henry Alinaitwe, principal of the college of engineering, design, art and technology at Makerere.
EACREEE will support and execute renewable energy and energy efficiency projects that cover one or more EAC countries, focusing primarily on activities with regional impact or national projects that demonstrate high potential for scaling-up or regional replication.
“Adequate renewable energy is key towards promoting industrialisation and subsequently achieving middle-income status by 2020,” said Jesca Eriyo, EAC deputy secretary general, at the centre’s launch earlier this month.
Philippe Scholtes, managing director at UNIDO, emphasised the importance of inclusive and sustainable industrial development, and the roles of sustainable energy and private-public partnerships. “The global network of regional sustainable energy centres assists development partners in an effective and efficient way,” said Scholtes.
The Global Network of Regional Sustainable Energy Centres platform offers an umbrella for South-South activities, according to UNIDO. There is a common understanding that some ‘soft barriers’ to renewable energy and energy efficiency can be tackled more effectively and at lower cost through regional approaches.
The expanding post-2015 South-South and triangular partnership comprises various centres in Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa, the Caribbean, the Pacific and other regions, and they enjoy high-level support from energy ministers.
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Green industry is an approach that realizes the potential for industries to decouple economic growth from excessive and increasing resource use, thereby reducing pollution and generating additional revenues. It foresees a world where industrial sectors will minimize waste in every form, use renewable resources as input materials and fuels, and take every possible precaution to avoid harming workers, communities, climate, or the environment. Green industries will be creative and innovative, constantly developing new ways of improving their economic, environmental and social performance.
Enterprises in developing countries and countries with economies in transition are facing numerous challenges in their effort to maintain or increase their competitiveness on the local market and access to international markets with good-quality products, comply with environmental standards and reduce operational costs. In order to assist companies in dealing with such challenges and to direct them towards the “green industry” paradigm, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) designed a specific methodology, the Transfer of Environmentally Sound Technology (TEST), which exists as both an integrated approach and a global programme.
TEST combines the essential elements of tools like Resource Efficiency and Cleaner Production, Environmental Management Systems and Environmental Management Accounting, and applies them on the basis of a comprehensive diagnosis of enterprise performance. As a result of the customized integration and implementation of these tools and their elements, the key output is the adoption of best practices, and new skills and management culture, as well as corporate social responsibility, enabling the company to carry on the improvement journey towards sustainable entrepreneurship.
The first TEST pilot programme was launched in 2000 in the Danube River Basin. Since then, TEST has been replicated in several regions worldwide within industrial hot spot areas, contributing to the prevention of the discharge of industrial effluents into international waters (rivers, lakes, wetlands and coastal areas) and thereby protecting water resources for future generations.
In 2009, UNIDO launched the MEDTEST initiative with the financial support of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the Italian government to promote the transfer and adoption of cleaner technology in industries in three countries of the Southern Mediterranean region: Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia.
The project aimed to demonstrate the effectiveness of introducing best practices and integrated management systems in terms of cost reduction, productivity increase and environmental performance. A pool of 43 manufacturing sites – mostly small and medium-sized enterprises – across seven industrial sectors in Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia actively participated in MED TEST during 2010-2011.
A core objective of the MED TEST initiative was building national capacity. This was achieved by extensive training and a technical assistance programme that targeted six national institutions and service providers and 30 local professionals, in addition to the staff of the 43 demonstration companies. As a result, a network of local resources is now engaged in promoting the TEST approach and will be able to extend the experience gained to other industries in the region. The active participation of the staff of the demonstration companies in the training and in the implementation of the project ensures the sustainability of all identified actions at company level, as well as that of
newly developed projects.
Research paper claims renewable energies and energy efficiency can maintain economic growth and provide a sufficient supply of energy.
More job opportunities can be created through investment in clean energies than through fossil fuels, according to a new report.
Research by The United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) and the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) outlines how a commitment of 1.5 per cent of GDP per year to renewable energy and energy efficiency investment will deliver economic growth, a sufficient supply of energy resourcesr and a new source of job opportunities.
Yvo de Boer, director-general of GGGI and former head of the UN’s climate change secretariat, stated that the report helps in countering claims that cutting greenhouse gases is incompatible with economic growth.
“Significant progress has already been made in overcoming the hitherto conventional wisdom that taking steps to cut GHGs was incompatible with economic growth,” he said. “This report moves the debate another positive step forward by showing that employment and development result from sustainable, green growth.”
The international organisations explored the impacts of the large-scale clean energy plans in five countries including emerging economic powers Brazil and South Africa where, for every $1m invested in clean energy, 16.2 and 33.1 jobs would be created respectively.
The report, which also looked at clean tech policies and investment in Germany, Indonesia, and South Korea, calculates the level of job creation from green projects is higher than would be the case for maintaining or extending fossil fuel investment.
Li Yong, director general of UNIDO, said in a statement that all countries can benefit from delivering on the proposed 1.5 per cent GDP investment commitment.
“The results of the five countries presented in this report show clearly that green growth investments are not only viable or beneficial for the most highly industrialised countries,” he said. “On the contrary, all countries, be they developed or developing, can derive significant benefits from investments in clean and renewable energy.”
The document echoes an Anglia Ruskin University report – commissioned by Green Party MEP Molly Scott Cato – which last week argued for a programme of quantitative easing to stimulate the green economy.
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Testimonials from past applicants of the Global Cleantech Innovation program.
I had no idea of the long term effects of the GCIP programme. The webinars and training were helpful and this was evident at the recent Climate innovation centre
conference where both alumni of GCIP were head and shoulders above the other innovators. Both GCIP innovations were selected as finalists for grant funding. This is directly attributed to the Gcip training programme.
The GCIP programme took us to the Innovation Summit where my pitch was noted by SA breweries and they then sponsored Ceiling in a can team to present to London Business school. This presentation was attended by serious businesses and Ceiling in a can is now assisted by Hitachi to prepare for a global rollout.
As a result of further contacts made through the credibility of GCIP, Ceiling in a can was awarded grant funding of R500k.
The Information gained from GCIP was directly used to compete against other businesses and in November 2014 , Ceiling in a can was selected from 20 semi-finalists to be the winner of the Durban chamber of commerce entrepreneur of the year 2014. And the net tesult was fame and fortune.
We took first prize at the pitching session at the Climate Innovation Conference CIC at the Innovation Hub in Lynnwood Pretoria. The first prize we received was R250 000 in incubator credits. Five winners were announced.
It was a good conference with lots of representatives from CIC and World Bank. I was also able to network with key people from Johannesburg municipality and Salga.
As a result of the GCIP program and its solid emphasis on customers and markets, we looked strongly at our alternative markets , not just focussing on our primary municipal market which could have proven to be difficult. An alternative market which we have identified and have already started background research is the bulk liquid transport, especially bulk fuel transport, from ship to storage, to transport, to petrol station to owner and transport company and refinery databases all in real time. There is a lot of fuel theft and need for real time accounting and real time logistics support which can provide with our technology. Conservation of fuel as limited resource is important We are trying to make contact with the big players like Sasol, Engen, PetroSA.
About the GCIP
The GEF (Global Environment Facility), UNIDO (the United Nations Industrial Development Organization) and TIA (the Technology Innovation Agency) in South Africa are implementing the GCIP (Global Cleantech Innovation Programme) for SMEs to promote clean technology innovation and supporting SMEs and start-ups working on solutions related to energy efficiency, renewable energy, waste beneficiation and water efficiency. The programme combines a competition and a business accelerator to offer participants progressing through the programme extensive mentoring, training, access to investors and opportunities to showcase their innovations to the media and the public. Participants stand a chance to win a cash award and national business support awards, in addition to a trip to Silicon Valley, CA, to participate in the Cleantech Open Global Forum.
We are calling for applications! Applications close 15 May 2015.
Source: Press Release
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Capacity – or human capital – development, as defined by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), is “the process through which individuals, organisations and societies obtain, strengthen and maintain their capability to set and achieve their development objectives over time.”
Human Capital Development (HCD) in the sustainability space thus focuses on addressing the obstacles that inhibit people and organisations from realizing their developmental goals, and on adapting their training methods to ensure long-term mindset shifts. One area in which this is taking place on a global scale is in the area of industrial development. Concepts such as resource (in particular energy and water) efficiency and cleaner production methods require a whole new skill set, and in developing nations these skills are even more critical to the ultimate goal.
Global cleaner production alliance
The UN’s Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) and Environment Programme (UNEP) have established 47 national cleaner production centres (NCPCs) in developing economies over the past 20 years. The NCPCs foster industrial development where economic growth and increased standard of living include reduced resource use, pollution, waste and impact on nature and communities via resource efficiency and cleaner production (RECP) programmes.
Local sustainability resource for industry
South Africa, the National Cleaner Production Centre of South Africa (NCPC-SA) is funded by the Department of Trade and Industry (the dti) and hosted by the CSIR to oversee industrial sustainability in key manufacturing sectors. Focused on energy, water and materials efficiency, and waste management, the NCPC-SA advises industry on resource efficient business practices, offering support through in-plant assessments and training.
The NCPC-SA’s sector-focus approach is aligned to government’s Industrial Policy Action Plan (IPAP), to ensure industry competitiveness, economic growth and job creation for SA industry. The nine industry sectors currently spotlighted are: agro-processing; automotives; chemicals, plastics fabrication, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals; clothing, textiles, footwear and leather; pulp and paper; metals fabrication, capital goods and transport equipment; green industries and waste management; tourism and hospitality; and mining (Industrial Energy Efficiency / IEE Project only).
Local impact – global networking
The NCPC-SA is a member of UNIDO and UNEP’s global resource efficiency and cleaner production network (RECPnet) and plays a leading role in the African Roundtable for Sustainable Consumption and Production (ARSCP), with the NCPC-SA Director currently president of the African body.
Due to the energy crisis and ever-rising costs of energy both locally and globally, the NCPC-SA is a stalwart supporter of SA industry’s ability to manage its energy consumption.
In partnership with UNIDO, the NCPC-SA promotes and implements Energy Management Systems (EnMS) and Energy Systems Optimization (ESO) through the Industrial Energy Efficiency Improvement Project in South Africa (IEE Project).
Participating companies are equipped with skills to improve energy performance and offered opportunities to showcase their successes.
Developing young sustainability leaders for national industrial impact
The NCPC-SA is actively developing and transferring the skills required to build up the country’s capacity, so as to ensure more sustainable, greener industries. The availability of suitably skilled manpower is critical to the sustainability of RECP initiatives in industry.
Four young project managers from the NCPC-SA recently completed international HCD training with colleagues from fellow developing-nation NCPCs in Colombia, Kenya, Mexico, Morocco, Serbia, Sri Lanka, Ukraine and Viet Nam.
The 6-month e-learning course in ‘Capacity Development for Promoting a Resource Efficient and Environment- oriented Private Sector’ was run by German development agency GIZ for RECPnet. Via interactive online group sessions and follow-up assignments, the team honed their strategy development, communication and marketing, project acquisition (fundraising, proposal writing), process and project management, as well as soft skills.
The four young change agents – Faith Mkhacwa, Thembi Kodisang, Lee-Hendor Ruiters and Pearl Thusi, all project managers at the NCPC-SA – found eye-opening value in their exposure to global experts and counterparts from other nations, offering a deeper understanding of the national and global significance of their daily toils.
The HCD project sets out to strengthen the capabilities of these NCPCs to improve on institutionally and financially sustainable, demand-driven services to SMEs and to enhance their professional exchange and learning in the North-South and South-South knowledge exchange via RECPnet.
The highlight of the programme was a recent trip to Germany, where the four were exposed to the learnings and expertise of the other participating NCPCs in a week-long feedback workshop.
Reuben Kadalie, NCPC-SA Operations Manager, mentored the four young managers. “Sustainability is a long-term journey and NCPC-SA has an important role to play in equipping South African industry in that space.
I am excited about the leaders that are being developed within the NCPC-SA and how their professional exchange and networks have been enhanced,” he said.
Manufacturers (particularly those in the key sectors serviced by the NCPC-SA) can email email@example.com to enquire about an RECP assessment, hosting an NCPC-SA intern or resource and energy efficiency training.
“Information-sharing with other NCPC’s in this course gave us a better understanding of where there’s room for innovation and other value-adding services we can offer
to South African industry, without compro- mising the quality of our current offerings. NCPC-SA is not just about RECP and Industrial Energy Efficiency. Rather, it has the ability to become South Africa’s environ- mental hub and has the right team, with the expertise to become just that.
While we grow, we are taking a strategic approach in order to ensure sustainable success. I have learned that it will take more than the NCPC-SA management team for positive change and growth to take place – each staff member plays a critical role and needs to be well-equipped to utilise our technical and soft skills.
People cannot be fully equipped to grow with an organisation without being empowered to align their thinking with the organisation’s vision and strategy, no matter how many masters or doctoral degrees they have obtained. Qualifications alone are not sufficient to develop individuals for future developments within the RECP space, but HCD will certainly assist the team to learn and apply new ideas, competencies, skills and attitudes.” – Faith Mkhacwa, HCD course participant
“Although participating centres are from different parts of the world with varied business models, underlying challenges remain the same. A clear understanding of each centre’s goals and objectives in the long, medium and short terms is critical for its success. Service offerings need to be constantly strengthened and diversified to service industries stepping into greening and resource efficiency.
The face-to-face workshop in Germany promoted interaction amongst participants, and we could exchange best practices and information on projects, resulting in the request that an exchange programme be set up amongst NCPC’s, to promote further collaboration. My overall impression from the course is that, despite the successes and challenges that NCPC’s face, it is always important to articulate transparently and plan properly our goals and objectives to ensure that investors, clients and the organisation can work together towards the success of the organisation.” -Lee-Hendor Ruiters, HCD course participant